Martyrs’ Day of India

Homage to Mahatma Gandhi on 64th martyrs' day anniversary

Martyrdom of Gandhi

Martyrdom of Mahatma Gandhi – Friday, January 30, 1948

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (often called Mahatma Gandhi) was assassinated on January 30, 1948, by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu nationalist who felt Gandhi was sympathetic to the Muslims.

January 30 is observed as the Martyrs’ Day in India remembering those who laid their lives for the Nation.

On this day a two minute silence is observed at 11 am throughout the country, in the memory of our father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi as well as other martyrs who have laid down their lives.

GoldenTwine Informatics pays Homage to Mahatma Gandhi on 64th Martyrs Day Anniversary.

If I am to die by the bullet of a mad man, I must do so smiling. There must be no anger within me. God must be in my heart and on my lips.
– On January 28, 1948, two days prior to his assassination.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948)
was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
(October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948)

Gandhi was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement. Pioneering the use of non-violent resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a tool to fight for civil rights and freedom that he called satyagraha, he founded his doctrine of nonviolent protest to achieve political and social progress based upon ahimsa, or total nonviolence for which he is internationally renowned. Gandhi led India to its independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is often referred to as Mahatma (Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā or “Great Soul,” an honorific first applied to him by Rabindranath Tagore). In India, he is also called Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ, bāpu or “Father”) and officially honoured as the Father of the Nation. His birthday, October 2, is commemorated in India as Gandhi Jayanti, a national holiday, and worldwide as the International Day of Non-Violence.
– From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

On January 30, 1948, Gandhi was shot while he was walking to a platform from which he was to address a prayer meeting. The assassin, Nathuram Godse, was a Hindu nationalist with links to the extremist Hindu Mahasabha, who held Gandhi responsible for weakening India by insisting upon a payment to Pakistan. Godse and his co-conspirator Narayan Apte were later tried and convicted; they were executed on November 15, 1949.

Last Moment of Mahatma Gandhi

A rare photograph of Mahatma Gandhi shot three times at point-blank range in the chest with a .38 Beretta semi-automatic pistol by Nathuram Godse.

Last Moment of Mahatma Gandhi

Jawaharlal Nehru addressed the nation on radio on Gandhi’s death on January 30, 1948.

Friends and comrades, the light has gone out of our lives, and there is darkness everywhere, and I do not quite know what to tell you or how to say it. Our beloved leader, Bapu as we called him, the father of the nation, is no more. Perhaps I am wrong to say that; nevertheless, we will not see him again, as we have seen him for these many years, we will not run to him for advice or seek solace from him, and that is a terrible blow, not only for me, but for millions and millions in this country.

Jawaharlal Nehru (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964)
was an Indian politician who became the first Prime Minister of independent India (1947-64) and became noted for his “neutralist” policies in foreign affairs.

Check out a video to listen the speech on Gandhi by the first Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. The quality of the audio is not so good. If you know any other source for the speech, let us know via your valuable comment.

Nehru Speech on Gandhi’s Death

Uploaded by indiavideodotorg on Sep 24, 2009

Mahatma Gandhi, Apostle of Non vilence. For more information on Gandhiji click here: –
http://www.indiavideo.org/text/gandhi/
Video by http://www.invismultimedia.com

The Martyr’s Column at the Gandhi Smriti marks the spot where Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948. The waist-high stone marker bears Gandhi’s last words “He Rām” (Devanagari: हे! राम), which may be translated as “Oh God”. The column is located in the garden behind Birla House (now a museum) in New Delhi where Gandhi was staying as a guest.

Martyr's Column at Gandhi Smriti

Gandhi’s Memorial at Raj Ghat, New Delhi, marks the spot where Gandhi was cremated on January 31, 1948. The memorial bears the epigraph “He Rām” (Devanagari: हे! राम), which may be translated as “Oh God”. These are widely believed to be Gandhi’s last words after he was shot.

Gandhi's Memorial at Raj Ghat
Martyred Gandhi
Gandhi's Funeral Procession

Gandhi’s ashes were poured into urns and were sent to every nook and corner of India for people to pay respects to the Mahatma.

Ash Urn of Mahatma Gandhi

Ash Urn of Mahatma Gandhi kept at Town Hall, Mysore in 1948.

 

Martyrdom Gallery

There is a Martyrdom Gallery at the National Gandhi Museum, Rajghat, New Delhi that exhibits:

  • Blood stained dhoti and shawl and the watch worn by Mahatma Gandhi when he was assassinated.
  • One of the three bullets which killed Gandhi.
  • Urns in which his ‘ashes’ were carried for immersion into various rivers; the wooden frame in which the main urn was taken to Prayag (Allahabad) and the cloth bags in which the ‘ashes’ were kept for being carried to Prayag and Rameshwaram.
  • Panels containing the favourite hymns-‘VAISHNAVJAN’ and ‘Lead Kindly Light’.
  • Panels containing selected photographs and newspapers related to the Gandhi’s assassination and cremation.
  • Selected opinions of world leaders on Gandhi.
  • A wall-size photograph with the quote ‘My Life is My Message’.

Gandhi's Belongings

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Admin/Author Admin/Author: Subrato Paul, owner of GoldenTwine Informatics founded in April 2003, lives in Kolkata, India. He is a freelance website designer, Internet marketer, social media enthusiast, and blogger. He writes in his blogs and as a guest writer about marketing and social media, eCommerce, website design and development, and his website.
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