My India — Festivals
Festivals of India — 68th Republic Day of India 2017
While India’s Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into force.
Today marks the 68th Republic Day of India. Republic Day commemorates the date January 26, 1950 on which the Constitution of India came into force replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India. It is one of the three national holidays in India.
The 26th of January was selected for this purpose because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.
Although India obtained its independence on August 15, 1947, it did not yet have a permanent constitution; instead its laws were based on the modified colonial Government of India Act 1935, and the country was a Dominion, with George VI as head of state and Earl Mountbatten as Governor General.
On August 28, 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar as chairman.
The Constitution was passed by the Constituent Assembly of India on November 26, 1949 but was adopted on January 26, 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country’s transition toward becoming an independent republic.
Republic Day is celebrated all over India. The Republic Day parade is held every year in New Delhi, and makes the celebration even more beautiful and entertaining.