Google Feature — Nain Singh Rawat Doodle
187th Birth Anniversary of Nain Singh Rawat
Today marks the 187th birth anniversary of Nain Singh Rawat (October 21, 1830 – February 1, 1882).
He was one of the first of the late 19th century Indian explorers (pandits) who explored the Himalayas for the British. He hailed from the Milam village in the Johar Valley of Kumaon in present day Uttarakhand. He mapped the trade route through Nepal to Tibet, determined for the first time the location and altitude of Lhasa, and mapped a large section of the Tsangpo (Brahmaputra River).
After passing out of school, Nain Singh Rawat visited different places in Tibet with his father, learned the Tibetan language, customs and became familiar with the Tibetans. This knowledge of local customs and language helped Nain Singh Rawat in becoming an explorer.
The great explorer died in Moradabad after suffering from cholera in 1882.
Pandit Nain Singh Rawat
(October 21, 1830 – February 1, 1882)
Pundit Nain Singh Rawat
Google today celebrates the 187th Birth Anniversary of Nain Singh Rawat, the (explorer) cartographer, with a doodle.
On clicking the doodle, it takes the visitor to Google search result page for news on Nain Singh Rawat.
Google Doodle — Nain Singh Rawat’s 187th Birthday
Saturday, October 21, 2017
GoogleDoodle celebrates Nain Singh Rawat’s 187th Birthday in today’s GoogleDoodle!
For much of the 19th century, Europe played the Great Game. Explorers vied with each other to map the geographical vastness of Central Asia and understand its people and customs. Knowledge was essential to political success, but Europeans were not welcome everywhere.
A thirst for knowledge and the need for secrecy led to the creation of pandits, a select group of highly educated and brave local men trained in geographical exploration.
Prominent among these was Nain Singh Rawat, the first man to survey Tibet, determining the exact location and altitude of Lhasa, mapping the Tsangpo, and describing in mesmerizing detail fabled sites such as the gold mines of Thok Jalung.
Disguised as a Tibetan monk, he walked from his home region of Kumaon to places as far as Kathmandu, Lhasa, and Tawang. He maintained a precisely measured pace, covering one mile in 2000 steps, and measured those steps using a rosary. He hid a compass in his prayer wheel and mercury in cowrie shells and even disguised travel records as prayers.
Today’s Doodle by Hari and Deepti Panicker is a silhouette diorama illustration, portraying Nain Singh Rawat as he might have looked on his travels, solitary and courageous, looking back over the distances he had walked, rosary beads in hand, and staff by his side. Oh, the wonders he must have seen!
Below is a picture of the Doodle on Google’s home page as it appeared today.
Nain Singh Rawat’s 187th Birthday
Nain Singh Rawat’s 187th Birthday Google Doodle — October 21, 2017
On June 27, 2004, an Indian postage stamp featuring Nain Singh was issued commemorating his role in the Great Trigonometric Survey. In 2006, Shekhar Pathak and Uma Bhatt brought out a biography of Nain Singh with three of his diaries and the RGS articles about his travels in three volumes titled Asia ki Peeth Par (On the Back of Asia) published by Pahar, Naini Tal.
Nain Singh Rawat — Postage Stamp
Awards and Honours
- Patron’s Medal in 1877 by the Royal Geographical Society
Nain Singh Rawat Biography
Published on October 20, 2017 by Doodle Videos.
Nain Singh Rawat Biography Nain Singh Rawat (1830 – 1895) was one of the wise men of the 19th century who invented the Himalayan regions for the British. Nain Singh was a resident of Kumaun valley. They mapped the trade route from Nepal to Tibet. He first discovered the position and elevation of Lhasa and also mapped a very large part of the main river Tsangpo flowing from Tibet.
Pandit Nain Singh Rawat was born on 21 October 1830 in village Millam, Munasariya tehsil of Pithoragarh district. His father, Amar Singh, was known by the name of Lata Budha. He got his early education only in the village, but due to financial constraints, he soon joined the father with traditional trade between India and Tibet. This gives them an opportunity to go to many places in Tibet with their father and understand them. He learned Tibetan language and helped him a lot later. Besides Hindi and Tibetan, he also had a good knowledge of Persian and English. This great explorer, surveyor and cartographer also prepared diaries of his travels. He spent most of his life searching for time and spent preparing maps.
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